Canada: Value of imports and exports for mineral and metal products, including fuels1, by stage and total economy

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Total exports2, in thousands of dollars

Year Stage 13 Stage 27 Stage 38 Stage 49 Total % of Total
Economy10
2019 134,077,397 58,292,509 20,887,897 18,963,191 232,220,993 39.2%
2020 103,554,472 51,166,249 19,270,347 19,074,110 193,065,178 36.9%
2021 159,666,971 60,655,916 28,622,691 23,093,569 272,039,147 43.1%
2022 240,131,850 75,493,216 34,653,779 25,782,994 376,061,839 48.3%
2023 197,974,944 75,554,866 34,416,227 26,621,212 334,567,249 43.6%

Domestic exports4, in thousands of dollars

Year Stage 13 Stage 27 Stage 38 Stage 49 Total % of Total
Economy11
2019 133,951,627 58,134,618 19,928,347 16,484,797 228,499,389 42.0%
2020 103,483,267 50,933,866 17,584,067 16,790,146 188,791,346 39.4%
2021 159,506,653 60,506,861 27,556,708 20,516,234 268,086,457 46.0%
2022 239,996,059 75,333,467 33,171,760 22,797,953 371,299,239 51.0%
2023 197,872,193 73,979,704 32,840,591 23,514,128 328,206,617 46.2%

Imports5, in thousands of dollars

Year Stage 13 Stage 27 Stage 38 Stage 49 Total % of Total
Economy12
2019 18,450,861 43,652,021 28,458,442 43,727,956 134,289,281 22.3%
2020 17,234,962 36,969,276 26,309,722 39,201,725 119,715,684 22.0%
2021 22,164,207 42,806,238 37,523,347 44,839,818 147,333,610 23.9%
2022 27,395,592 58,447,272 47,516,940 54,996,015 188,355,819 25.3%
2023 23,809,429 57,031,447 42,253,369 55,613,877 178,708,122 23.7%

Balance of trade6, in thousands of dollars

Year Stage 13 Stage 27 Stage 38 Stage 49 Total
2019 115,626,535 14,640,488 -7,570,546 -24,764,765 97,931,712
2020 86,319,510 14,196,973 -7,039,375 -20,127,615 73,349,493
2021 137,502,764 17,849,677 -8,900,656 -21,746,249 124,705,537
2022 212,736,257 17,045,943 -12,863,161 -29,213,020 187,706,020
2023 174,165,515 18,523,419 -7,837,142 -28,992,665 155,859,127
Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Definitions

Mineral products are classified into four stages of processing:
  • Stage 1 (primary products): metal scrap and products from the mining industry, such as ores and concentrates.
  • Stage 2 (smelting and refining products): products from metallurgical processes, which are relatively pure minerals, metals and alloys.
  • Stage 3 (semi-fabricated products): semi-fabricated products that are inputs in other industries, such as wire, sheets, strips, tubes and flat rolls.
  • Stage 4 (fabricated products): further processed products and final goods, such as metal structures and framing, hardware items, tools, cutlery and pipefittings.

Total exports: All goods leaving Canada (through customs) for a foreign destination. Total exports are the sum of domestic exports and re-exports.

Domestic exports: Exports of all goods leaving Canada (through customs) for a foreign destination, which have been either (1) produced, extracted or manufactured in Canada, or (2) imported and then substantially enhanced in value in Canada.

Imports: All goods which have entered Canada by crossing the border, whether for immediate domestic consumption or for storage in customs bonded warehouses. These numbers include re-imports, which are goods re-entering Canada after having been exported abroad without having been materially altered or substantially enhanced in value while abroad.

Balance of trade: The difference between the monetary value of Canada’s imports and exports over a certain period. It is calculated by subtracting imports from total exports.

Contact information

For any questions, contact the Minerals and Metals Statistics Division:
Tel.: 1-800-267-0452 (toll-free in North America) or 343-292-8646
Email: Mineral Trade Statistics Office
Web site: Mineral and Mining Statistics